22-27 September 2019
Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)
Europe/Madrid timezone

The use of inflation in ensemble Kalman filter for the joint identification of contaminant source parameters and hydraulic conductivities in a sandbox experiment

23 Sep 2019, 16:00
Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)

Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)

Av. de José Ortega y Gasset, 201 29006 Malaga, Spain
Poster Topic 5.3 - Advanced modelling tools for subsurface hydrology: from the vadose zone to deep environments Poster with refreshments


Jaime Gomez-Hernandez (UPV)


Identifying contaminant source information from limited concentration measurements downstream from the source is a crucial step in groundwater pollution investigation for accountability and remediation purposes. However, in reality, the partially known but influential hydraulic conductivity field is always a significant obstacle in this inverse problem. In this work, we apply the restart normal-score Ensemble Kalman filter (NS-EnKF) method to identify the contaminant source and a non-Gaussian conductivity field jointly in a sandbox experiment by only using concentration measurements at a few observation points. As a preliminary step, we verify the restart NS-EnKF in a synthetic case mimicking the sandbox experiment. Some simple tries demonstrate that with a small ensemble size, measurement affected by observation errors and a complex sandbox conductivity lead to filter inbreeding. Consequently, a larger ensemble size, and several inflation methods are analyzed to solve this problem. We found that using a large ensemble size or Bauser's inflation method avoids filter inbreeding. These conclusions are used to analyse the sandbox results to identify the contaminant source and the conductivities using the restart NS-EnKF. The results show that the restart Ns-EnKF with a proper ensemble size or a suitable inflation method is capable to identify the contaminant source and the non-Gaussian conductivities in the sandbox experiment.

Primary authors

Zi Chen (UPV) Jaime Gomez-Hernandez (UPV) Dr Teng Xu (UPV) Prof. Andrea Zanini (Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Parma)

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