22-27 September 2019
Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)
Europe/Madrid timezone

Hydrogeochemistry and Occurrences of uranium and radon in Groundwater of Wonju, Korea

24 Sep 2019, 16:00
Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)

Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)

Av. de José Ortega y Gasset, 201 29006 Malaga, Spain
Poster Topic 8 - Groundwater quality and pollution processes Poster with refreshments


Dr Lee Byeongdae (Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources)


Uranium and radon concentration was assessed in groundwater samples collected from 40 private and public wells covering three hydrogeological units which is Jurassic biotite granite(Jbgr), Pre-Cambrian biotite gneiss(PCbgn) and Limestone(Ls). Water samples have been collected from 31 wells in Jbgr, 7 wells in PCbgn and 2 wells in Ls. Major ion concentrations and physico-chemical prarmeters were also measured. These results have given the basis for an attempt to characterize the groundwaters of research area with respect to uranium and radon content. Concentrations values ranged from 0.06 to 50.50 μg/L for 238U and from 67 to 8,410 pCi/L for 222Rn. The statistical analysis for 238U and 222Rn showed a log-normal distribution with a mean of 5.57 μg/L and 2,357 pCi/L, and a median of 1.55 μg/L and 1,915 pCi/L, respectively. Uranium concentrations were almost lower than maximum contaminant level for drinking water in U.S EPA. Three of 40 groundwater samples had levels of uranium that exceeded the maximum contaminant level for drinking water. About 20 % of the samples in 222Rn concentrations exceeded 4,000 pCi/L of US EPA's Alternative MCL (AMCL) and 8,100 pCi/L of Finland's guideline level, respectively. A hydrogeological study revealed correlations between the concentration of radionuclides and the aquifer material's characteristics. Higher uranium and radon concentrations in groundwater are related to the granitic rocks. The correlation analysis between uranium and radon and other variables only a weak relationship between uranium and pH value (correlation coefficient 0.37 in uranium and radon, respectively). None of major ion concentrations showed a significant statistical correlation with uranium and radon. Uranium and radon concentrations in the groundwater is relatively low compared with other countries having similar geological conditions possibly due to the inflow of shallow groundwater to the wells.

Primary authors

Dr Lee Byeongdae (Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources) Dr Cho Byong-Wook (Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources)

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