22-27 September 2019
Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)
Europe/Madrid timezone

Spring Development for a Small Village Water Supply: The Story of Ginda B Village, Nigeria

23 Sep 2019, 16:00
Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)

Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)

Av. de José Ortega y Gasset, 201 29006 Malaga, Spain
Poster Topic 3 - Groundwater sustainability and governance Poster with refreshments


Dr Aisha Kana (Nasarawa State University, Keffi)


Ginda B is a village in Nasarawa State, Central Nigeria which is one of the small villages that benefited from the Conditional Grant Scheme of the MDG’s in 2008. The benefits included the establishment of a Primary Healthcare Centre as well as a solar powered borehole scheme to provide water for the center as well as the village. The village is situated on a hilltop (elevation = 450m above mean sea level) has a population of about 300 people. Due to a challenging terrain (geology and topography) and the remote location of the village it was impossible to provide the solar powered borehole scheme originally proposed. The hill upon which the village is situated is made up of the Nigerian Basement Complex terrain specifically gneisses, but is characterized by a series of fracture springs along the slopes and at the foot of the hill. The most productive of these springs are situated at the foot of the hill. Spring development was proposed as an alternative to provide water to the primary healthcare center as well as the immediate village. In the past, the village had faced a lot of socio-economic challenges associated with lack of sustainable water supply. Women and children old enough spend most of the day in search of water which requires downhill trips to the network of springs, some of which are seasonal. This has negatively impacted on level of education and also economic well being of the villagers. The scheme thus proposed and constructed consisted of a collection point, and infiltration gallery, reservoir/ground tank, a pump house and finally an over head tank adjacent the Healthcare Center. Water from the springs is filtered in the gallery and then stored in the ground reservoir from which a 3hp submersible pump powered by a diesel generator pumps the water to the overhead thank adjacent the Healthcare Center. A reticulation network from the overhead tank was also set up to provide water to the households in the village. Once the reservoir is filled up, it takes 2 hours of pumping to fill up the over head tank which has a capacity of 20,000litres. Pumping is done thrice a week which consumes about 32 litres of diesel (N8, 000 ~22USD). Basic training on routine maintenance of the scheme (such as servicing of the generator) was provided after which the project was handed over to the village. Ten years on, the scheme is a still functioning major challenge faced is breakdown and subsequent repair of the diesel engine that powers the pumps.

Primary author

Dr Aisha Kana (Nasarawa State University, Keffi)


Mr Ahmad Kana (Nasarawa State Water Board Headquarters, Lafia)

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