Groundwater resources are threatened in numerous areas of the world, mainly because of high anthropogenic pressures degrading that degrade their quantity (e.g. overexploitation) or their quality. To remediate or, better, to prevent such situations, the fundamental principles of sustainable management and protection (quantity, quality) of groundwater resources are well known. However, often, these principles are often not well mastered by all groundwater users (industrials, farmers, etc.). This issue is amplified by the low cost of the groundwater resource, that doesn’t encourage to pay lots of attention to this commodity, but also by the low level of hydrogeological culture within among the engineers and technicians who day-to-day manage them.
Some industries, such as the water bottling industry, rely quasi-exclusively on groundwater whose quantity and quality directly have a direct impact on their core business. Consequently, the water bottling industry has integrated for a long time hydrogeological competencies into its human resources. It has also developed internal processes to anticipate and prevent any risk related to the good proper supply of groundwater to the bottling factories with groundwater, both as regards quantity and quality. As preventing such issues doesn’t stop at the fence of the factory, most bottling companies have also implemented strong relationships with the local communities, stakeholders, and other water users on in the groundwater watersheds where they operate.
Danone Waters, the water division of the Danone company has the 2nd position worldwide on the packaged water market, by volume. It has developed now since for more than 15 years an internal method, named “SPRING”, to ensure that the groundwater resources it relies on are well managed and protected. This process is now deployed worldwide in all its bottling factories and is designed to be directly implemented at the factory level.
Then, the main objectives of this presentation will be to:
- present and describe the SPRING method, its initial “terms of reference”, and also to briefly describe its history and evolution as the result of its operational use in the Danone Waters Division;
- compare it with similar methods, particularly to highlight its specificities related to groundwater resources, as most other methods are more generalist;
- describe how it is operationally implemented in the Danone Waters Division, and the resulting benefits for the company;
- briefly present how this methodology is being transposed, in Indonesia, to other water uses than bottling, outside of the Danone Company;
- discuss these results and propose perspectives for the improvement of the SPRING method, and also for its dissemination, with the overall ambition to contributing to the setting-up of best practices to favor foster the sustainability of groundwater resources.