The Argentine Puna is a region belonging to the high Andean plateau of South America and corresponds to an intermountain depression located above 3600 meters above sea level. The Puna Region represents 60% of the surface of the province of Jujuy. The climate is cold and dry, with variable rainfall ranging from 50 to 350 mm. These conditions are limiting for agricultural production. In this region a family type of agriculture is carried out by indigenous people. These farmers have access to different sources of groundwater: springs, meadows, wetlands and phreatic water table. In fact, there are many public and private institutions and social organizations linked to groundwater management in the region, which face many challenges in a context of climate change: lack of infrastructure, growing under-financing of public programs, lack of hydrometeorological information networks, insufficient knowledge about the dynamics, structure and functioning of the Puna's aquifer systems, impact of extreme hydrometeorological phenomena such as drought, among others. In addition, in recent times new actors have been added to the territory, such as mining companies, particularly those that exploit lithium. This situation opens new instances of debate related to the coordinated use of groundwater in the productive processes of these companies as well as in the agricultural production of rural communities. In this work the system of groundwater governance in the Jujuy Puna is characterized other than evaluates its potentials and aspects of improvement with an adaptive perspective in the face of climate change. Existing socio-technical networks were surveyed and the legal and water planning instruments currently in force were analysed. The results of the work shown that the governance system presents opportunities for improvement related to the technical and institutional strengthening of the provincial water authority, the reform and modification of the current regulatory framework, the consolidation of existing socio-technical networks, the mechanisms for effective participation of indigenous communities and social organizations, the formation of local technical capacities and the promotion of social technologies to improve access to groundwater, as well as the protection and conservation of aquifers and high Andean wetlands and the monitoring of water quality. These results were translated into strategic documents for discussion in technical-political decision-making areas such as technical water tables or basin committees in the region.