Conservation is most likely linked to the behaviour of the user to use less water and to use the water more efficiently. The actions will include fixing the leaking taps, toilets and pipes; the implementation of best practices; and awareness programs. All these activities are after the water is taken from the water resource. However, the question remains: “Can water be conserved while still in the resource?” Moreover, then further “What is Groundwater Conservation?”
Conservation of groundwater is related to the use of groundwater at the right time and adopt a management style that suits the aquifer characteristics. By knowing when, where and how much to pump an aquifer can enhance the performance and life of an aquifer. By understanding the different operating rules levels and how the rules influence eachother, the optimal yield can be determined. Climate variability and change is having a significant impact on our groundwater resource and the way we are managing our aquifers. Cost to pump and treat the groundwater can be cut with benefits not just to the municipality but also to the community and environment.
The paper will go into practical examples to understand the concept of groundwater conservation; to implement groundwater conservation at the local level and the benefits.