22-27 September 2019
Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)
Europe/Madrid timezone

Contribution to solute transport properties determination of a karstic formation

26 Sep 2019, 17:15
15m
Conference room 1.B ()

Conference room 1.B

Oral Topic 8 - Groundwater quality and pollution processes Parallel

Speaker

Dr Roger Gonzalez-Herrera (Autonomous University of Yucatan. Engineering School)

Description

In the process of solute transport, dispersivity and hydrodynamic dispersion coefficients are important factors that define the distribution and migration of dissolved salts in the aquifer. Tracer tests were carried out in wells located in the Northeast Coast of Yucatan, Mexico; only the freshwater thickness of the aquifer was analyzed. Sodium chloride (NaCl) was used as tracer. Groundwater flow velocity was estimated with the Drost dilution point method. The analytical model for instantaneous injection is chosen, to analyse solute transport, which is derived from the advection-dispersion equation (ADE), and the dispersivity and longitudinal dispersion coefficients were determined. The results indicate that the longitudinal dispersivity and hydrodynamic dispersion of the aquifer vary from 2.56 to 2500 m and between 1x10-3 and 1x10-2 m2/s, respectively. In Telchac Puerto, Dzilam Bravo and San Felipe, advection is the most important solute transport mechanism, while El Cuyo has lower velocity ranges than other locations in the study area and salts tend to disperse. Groundwater flow velocity varies between 3.1x10-7 and 8.65x10-5 m/s, associated with the flow in the karstic aquifer matrix, with maximum values of 1.5x10-4 m/s, associated with the karstification of the aquifer. Groundwater flow velocity increases towards the coast, which is consistent with the fact that the aquifer discharges to the sea. It is observed that in the first 10 m of aquifer the velocities are higher, than those determined in deeper layers, up to an order of magnitude.

Primary author

Dr Roger Gonzalez-Herrera (Autonomous University of Yucatan. Engineering School)

Co-authors

Cesar Canul-Macario (Instituto de Ingenieria. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico) Ismael Sanchez-Pinto (Autonomous University of Yucatan, Engineering School)

Presentation Materials

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