22-27 September 2019
Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)
Europe/Madrid timezone

A new model approach for reactive solute transport in dual-permeability media with depth-dependent reaction coefficients

24 Sep 2019, 16:00
1h
Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)

Trade Fairs and Congress Center (FYCMA)

Av. de José Ortega y Gasset, 201 29006 Malaga, Spain
Poster Topic 8 - Groundwater quality and pollution processes Poster with refreshments

Speaker

Dr Zhang Wen

Description

In this study, we developed a one-dimensional mobile-mobile model (MM) for contaminant transport in subsurface with depth-dependent reaction coefficients. Two local systems at micro-scale level are involved in this model: a micro-pore system and a less permeable pore system. The breakthrough curves (BTCs) obtained from the MM with depth-dependent coefficients were thoroughly analyzed, where the case with constant coefficients was used as the reference system. The effects of different parameters on BTCs were studied, and a parameter analysis was also performed to illustrate the effects of adsorption coefficient and degradation coefficient on BTCs. Results show that the BTC patterns for the depth-dependent reactions, in which the reaction rate decreases with increasing depth, vary between the two extreme cases with constant-rate reactions in the topsoil and observation depth. The mass transfer coefficient (α) plays a significant role in defining the BTC pattern. The double peak changes to a single peak when the value of α is large enough. In addition, the velocity of the main flow determines the shape of the BTCs while the velocity of the SVD defines the pattern of the dual peaks in BTCs which also tends to be represented by a single peak as the velocity decreases.. Finally, we tested the applicability of the proposed model (MM-FD) in the leaching experiments of both field herbicide and conservative tracer in an agricultural area of northeastern Greece, and compared its performance with that of the convection-dispersion equation (CDE) model by Gao et al. (2013), both of which have depth-dependent coefficients. The results showed that the proposed mobile-mobile model with depth-dependent reaction coefficients was able to satisfactorily capture the evolution of metolachlor concentration both at upper and lower depths.

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